2002-2011年天津市居民碘营养水平调查及适宜食用盐碘含量分析
发布时间: 2017-11-10 浏览次数: 18
侯常春,刘忠慧,韩树清,曾强,王洋
天津市疾病预防控制中心环境与健康所

    2002 - 2011年合格碘盐食用率、碘盐合格率、碘盐覆盖率和非碘盐检出率分别为92.7%(43 489/46 926)、97.4%(43 489/ 44 694)、95.1%(44 694/46 926)和4.8%(2273/46 926),盐碘中位数在29.2 ~ 36.7 mg/kg。4次监测儿童尿碘中位数分别为228.0、221.5、191.8和194.7 μg/L,3次监测儿童甲状腺肿大率分别为2.1%(27/1258)、1.6%(19/1186)和2.1%(26/1219)。孕妇和哺乳妇女的尿碘中位数分别为145.2和136.0 μg/L。3次监测的育龄妇女尿碘中位数分别为130.7、196.1和229.5 μg/L,且随着碘盐覆盖率的增加而有所提高。

    结论 

    天津市居民的碘营养处于适宜水平,育龄妇女和哺乳期妇女尿碘处于适宜水平,而孕妇则低于适宜水平。天津市盐碘水平定为30 mg/kg,或者普通居民盐碘定为25 mg/kg、孕妇盐碘定为30 mg/kg较为适宜。


    From 2002 to 2011, the consumption rate of qualified iodized salt, the rate of qualified iodized salt, the coverage rate of iodized salt, the rate of non-iodinated salt was 92.7%(43 489/46 926), 97.4%(43 489/44 694), 95.1%(44 694/46 926) and 4.8%(2273/46 926), respectively. The median salt iodine was in the range of 29.2 - 36.7 mg/kg. Children’s urinary iodine was monitored 4 times, the median urinary iodine was 228.0,221.5,191.8, and 194.7 μg/L, respectively. Children goiter rates were 2.1%(27/1258), 1.6%(19/1186) and 2.1%(26/1219) of the 3 times monitored. The median urinary iodine in pregnant and lactating women was 145.2 and 136.0 μg/L. The median urinary iodine in women of childbearing age was 130.7,196.1 and 229.5 μg/L, which increased with the increase of coverage of iodized salt. 

    Conclusions 

    The iodine nutrition of Tianjin residents, women of childbearing age and lactating women are at appropriate level. The iodine nutrition of pregnant women is lower than appropriate level. Recommended salt iodine level in our city is 30 mg/kg, or 25 mg/kg for ordinary residents, and 30 mg/kg for pregnant women.



侯常春,刘忠慧,韩树清,曾强,王洋. 2002 - 2011年天津市居民碘营养水平调查及适宜食用盐碘含量分析[J]. 中华地方病学杂志, 2013, 32(5): 533-536.HOU Chang-chun, LIU Zhong-hui, HAN Shu-qing, ZENG Qiang, WANG Yang. A survey of iodine nutrition status of Tianjin residents between 2002 to 2011 and analysis of suitable iodine content in salt. chinese journal of endemiology, 2013, 32(5): 533-536.



链接本文:
http://cje.hrbmu.edu.cn/CN/10.3760/cma.j.issn.2095-4255.2013.05.017 或http://cje.hrbmu.edu.cn/CN/Y2013/V32/I5/533