2011年云南省碘缺乏病监测结果分析
发布时间: 2017-11-10 浏览次数: 15
叶枫,张海涛,吴鹤松,王安伟,李加国,马琳,张浩伟,郭玉熹,赵溯,黄文丽
云南省地方病防治所地方病防治科

    2011年云南省30个项目县(市、区),8 ~ 10岁学生甲状腺肿大率为1.8%(22/1207);盐碘中位数为29.9 mg/kg,碘含量的变异系数为22.8%,碘盐覆盖率为99.1%(1196/1207),碘盐合格率为96.1%(1149/1196),合格碘盐食用率为95.2%(1149/1207),其中1个县碘盐覆盖率 < 95.0%,3个县碘盐合格率 < 90.0%,4个县合格碘盐食用率 < 90.0%;儿童尿碘中位数为274.1 μg/L;水碘中位数为1.6 μg/L;孕妇和哺乳期妇女尿碘中位数分别为217.3、171.5 μg/L。96个县8 ~ 10岁儿童尿碘中位数为259.0 μg/L。
    结论

    云南省外环境普遍缺碘;碘盐含碘量相对比较均匀,碘盐供应较好;儿童碘营养水平整体上处于超适宜范围,食用盐碘含量有下调的空间。



The goiter rate of children aged 8 - 10 years was 1.8%(22/1207) in the 30 counties in 2011. The median of salt iodine was 29.9 mg/kg. The coefficient variation(CV) of salt iodine was 22.8%. The iodized salt coverage rate was 99.1% (1196/1207). The qualified rate of iodized salt and qualified iodized salt coverage rate was 96.1%(1149/1196) and 95.2%(1149/1207), respectively. The iodized salt coverage rate that lower than 95.0% was found only in 1 county. The qualified rate of iodized salt that lower than 90.0% was found in 3 counties. The qualified iodized salt coverage rate that less than 90.0% was found in 4 counties. The median of urinary iodine(MUI) of children was 274.1 μg/L. The median of water iodine content was 1.6 μg/L. The MUI of pregnant women was 217.3 μg/L. The MUI of lactation women was 171.5 μg/L. In 96 counties,the MUI of the students aged 8 - 10 years was 259.0 μg/L. Conclusions Iodine deficiency of external environment is universal in Yunnan Province. The iodine content in iodized salt is relatively uniform. The children's iodine nutrition status exceeds an appropriate level in Yunnan Province on the whole and the iodine content of salt should be reduced properly.


叶枫,张海涛,吴鹤松,王安伟,李加国,马琳,张浩伟,郭玉熹,赵溯,黄文丽. 2011年云南省碘缺乏病监测结果分析[J]. 中华地方病学杂志, 2013, 32(5): 529-532.YE Feng, ZHANG Hai-tao, WU He-song, WANG An-wei, LI Jia-guo, MA Lin, ZHANG Hao-wei, GUO Yu-xi, ZHAO Su, HUANG Wen-li. Monitoring results of iodine deficiency disorders in Yunnan Province in 2011. chinese journal of endemiology, 2013, 32(5): 529-532.



链接本文:
http://cje.hrbmu.edu.cn/CN/10.3760/cma.j.issn.2095-4255.2013.05.016 或http://cje.hrbmu.edu.cn/CN/Y2013/V32/I5/529